Monitor and measure to improve and reduce
Greenhouse gases are gaseous emissions which affect the Earth's climate. The Kyoto Protocol lists 6 main greenhouse gases of various potency: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulphur hexafluoride (SF6).
Manufacturing, services, cities, households... we are all responsible for GHG emissions. Burning fossil fuels is the most common emission source, but there are others, such as farming, manufacturing processes and air-conditioning units.
'Organisational GHG' is an expression which represents the amount of climate change emissions (or 'greenhouse gases') resulting from an organisation's activities.
A carbon footprint is measured in CO2 tonnes equivalent (T CO2e); CO2 is the best-known - and most common - of the greenhouse gases.
All kinds of activities have a carbon footprint: agriculture, industrial processes, transport, services...
For many businesses, combustion of fossil fuels is the main contribution to their carbon footprint.
'Embodied carbon' is another term used for carbon footprint, particularly in the construction sector.
'Carbon neutral' is applied to organisations which have minimised GHG emissions as much as possible and compensated for any residual emissions.
Since 1 April 2019, large UK companies are required to report publicly on their UK energy use and carbon emissions within their Directorsí Report if they exceed at least 2 of these thresholds:
Company or group reporting is required even if an overseas parent group has published a similar report. However, if a company has consumed less than 40MWh a disclosure is not required.
Obligated companies must report on their UK (and UK offshore) energy use and related Scope 1 & 2 emissions:
Information and guidance available from Defra/BEIS.
At the end of 2014 a Directive on disclosure of non-financial information by some large organisations came into force; EU Member States had two years to transpose it into national legislation. Disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions is one of its requirements.
Get more value from mandatory GHG reporting: invest in energy management to reduce emissions and costs.
Managing energy is an important element of environmental management and contributes to financial savings.
Our experience includes preparation of mandatory GHG reports for UK listed companies and EUETS verification at process-industry installations. Thus we are ideally-placed to guide you through GHG accounting and carbon footprinting.
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